由上海世博中國館的鎮館之賓的電子動態版《清明上河圖》， 已經係萬眾期待的情況下在亞洲博覽館與香港市民見面，為期三個拜拜。入場人士會被派發觀賞小冊子，重點介紹畫中十二大「看點」，大家可以參考下圖。另外多個公共交通工具將 為到場的市民提供乘車優惠。呢幅電子【清明上河圖】長一百二十米，裡面有過千個人物，每個角色都非常仔細，有聲有色，完美地把宋代首都汴京的城鎮、市區、郊 區帶到2010年給大家感受。
In the Shanghai World Expo 2010, the “Animated Version of the Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival” created by modern multimedia technology earns its reputation as the star exhibit in the China Pavilion. Projected on a giant screen of more than 120 metres long and 6 metres high, the picture shows amazing details with animation including moving people, running water, various kinds Of goods being displayed for sale, boat trackers shouting on the river and boats swinging their ways forward. A vivid, artificial river meanders through the lower part of the giant picture, giving visitors a stunning experience and an illusion that they are in Bianjing, the capital of Northern Song Dynasty nine hundred years ago. This giant picture is called “River of Wisdom” because it depicts many cultural aspects demonstrating the wisdom of Chinese in ancient times.
The animated version of the picture is much larger than its original scroll. Elaborate computer animation gives life to characters and objects in the painting. An integrated image is formed by 12 high resolution projectors using sophisticated computer geometric transformation and correction technology. The tone, style and features of the original painting including all its streets, boats and buildings are retained in the animation. In order to illustrate prosperous Commercial activities, including the breakthrough in the emergence of night market, the animated version created a night scenery. The scene ls portrayed in day to night cycles lasting for four minutes with dramatic interplay Of light and colour. It is indeed a masterpiece that blends state-of-the-art animation technology with traditional Chinese culture.
The Song Dynasty was one of the periods in Chinese history with rapid urban development. However, the urban and rural areas were not completely segregated and there were farming activities in the city. Both urban and rural areas relied on each other for existence.
Willows by Bian River
To prevent mudslides along the banks of Bian River, willow branches were regularly cut off, bundled up and placed along the riverbank for reinforcement.
Sedan chair party
This party has Just retuned from tomb sweeping on “Qingming Festival”. The party was led by a servant, with the mistress riding in a sedan chair and followed by the master on horseback. Few women are seen in the painting. In the past, when ladies from wealthy families went out, they rode in sedan chairs. Occasionally, women would walk in the streets with their children for shopping. Such were the restrictions imposed on Song women concerning appearing in public places.
Wang’s paper offerings
This shop specialized in incense and paper offerings for the dead. Nether world banknotes were stacked up in the form of a house in front of the shop to tout tomb Sweepers.
Transportation on Bian River was extremely important to the economic development and prosperity of the Bianjing city. The Bian River sewed as a transport network for the north and the south. It traversed the Northern Song capital, bringing all sorts of foods, supplies and resources from the southeast and southwest to meet the heavy demands of its huge population.
The shipbuilding industry was well developed in Song and ships were built in large numbers. Mainly for carrying goods, the government-built ships numbered 3,000 in 997 AD. The ship encircled had an adjustable mast that enabled it to pass under the bridges.
Passing the bridge scene
A boat was approaching the bridge and the crew was frantically lowering the mast. Under the guidance of the crowd on the bridge and along the riverside, the boat was slowly passing under the bridge. While the boat was swept horizontally by the current and the mast was not completely lowered, the predicament has attracted a crowd of onlookers.
This massive wooden arch bridge was intricately structured. With a shape like a rainbow, it was referred to as the rainbow bridge. Durable and with no piers to obstruct the waterway, the rainbow bridge was a testimony to the architectural advancement of the Song.
During the Song Dynasty in Bianjing, walls of the residential areas facing the streets were demolished. This allowed houses
to face the streets and shops to open along the streets. Trading area has expanded to the whole town, forming an open
City gate tower
A drum was suspended from the tower, with the mat and pillow of the drummer placed nearby. Some people think that this was a drum tower or a street tower in Bianjing City.
Sun Yang’s tavern
The main store was the largest tavern and of the highest standard. The tavern had three storeys with an ornamental tower at the front. There were high stacks of wine urns in the backyard to the right.
With the rise in the social status of the people and the emergence of mass culture, various kinds of performing arts such as storytelling and opera have appeared to meet the interests Of the public.
The shop’s advertisement read “Liu’s Quality Eaglewood and Sandalwood”. Mainly imported from Southeast Asia, incense was a government monopoly in the Song. Used in medicine, worship, food and daily life, incense was in great demand in the court as well as among commoners and so brought in hefty profits.
Merchants leading a team of camels were transporting goods out of the city. This reflected that commerce was prosperous in Song and trading area was reaching as far as the northwest.
This was a clinic ran by Zhao, a physician at the imperial hospital. Medical officers at the time were permitted to take a second job and provide medical services to the public.
The significance of Zhang Zeduan’s “Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival”
Cities in the Song Dynasty underwent drastic changes when compared with those in previous times. These revolutionary changes can be seen in the urban outlook such as appearance of shops and workshops along the streets, or the social life of people with enrichment in their cultural lives. Zhang Zeduan’s “Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival” is one of the top ten paintings in China that are still in existence. Besides its extremely high artistic value, this picture possesses, more importantly, great historical value thanks to its vivid depiction of the civilian life of different social classes in Bianjing and its suburbs during the Qingming Festival. It provides important historical information on urban life in the Song Dynasty and allows understanding of ancient Chinese culture.
Additional elements of history, culture, art and education are Incorporated in the exhibition. These include the introduction of the significance of the “Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival” in the Chinese culture and art, as well as the concept and production of the animated version. The exhibition facilitates visitors to learn more about the urban outlook, people’s daily life and the achievements in science and technology in the Song Dynasty.
Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival Northern Song Dynasty Zhang Zeduan Ink and colour on silk 24.8 x 528 cm
入到館的右手面，你會先看到清明節掃墓的轎子隊伍從郊外回城，由僕人開路，轎及馬一齊走出來。畫卷中很少女人出現，因為當時大戶人家的婦女上街都需坐轎。另外河上可見很多運貨船 出現，虹橋處更正有一艘船準備過橋，但桅杆太高而過來過去也不成功。虹橋因為沒有橋柱支撐， 好像彩虹一樣而得名虹橋。看圖的時候你會發現有時白天有時夜晚，而入夜後多值得留意是各種不同型態的燈籠。總之展覽入口處設有展板和模型，介紹宋代文化、人文生活及科技發展 ，大家可先看看才入去看，先有個概念。
港鐵優惠機 : 市民在該處用八達通拍卡，回程乘搭東涌線可便宜三元。出示當日門票在機場快線九龍或香港站，可以八達通購買四十八元優惠價的即日來回票，往返青衣站僅需四十二元。運輸署特別增設X1和S1巴士線路往返東涌站和博覽館，市民還可選擇八條「E」和九條「A」巴士線路。